The World Justice Project (WJP) evaluates that Mongolia’s rule of law has improved over the past year, ranking the country in 51th place out of 113 countries in the 2017-2018 edition of the Rule of Law Index.
The latest index, published on January 31, measures the rule of law adherence in 113 countries worldwide based on more than 110,000 household and 3,000 expert surveys. It provides an original source of data for determining how the rule of law is experienced and perceived in practical, everyday situations by the general public worldwide.
Countries’ rule of law is measured using 44 indicators across eight primary rule of law factors, each of which is scored and ranked globally and against regional and income peers: Constraints on Government Powers, Absence of Corruption, Open Government, Fundamental Rights, Order and Security, Regulatory Enforcement, Civil Justice, and Criminal Justice.
Mongolia has went up four positions from its previous rank – 55th place in the 2016 WJP Rule of Law Index – over the past year. The score is the seventh highest among 15 countries in the East Asia and Pacific region and fourth highest among 30 lower-middle income countries.
Countries measured in the East Asia and Pacific region: Australia, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong SAR, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, New Zealand, the Philippines, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam
Lower-middle income countries: Bangladesh, Bolivia, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Egypt, El Salvador, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Tunisia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, and Zambia
Mongolia overall global rank: 51/113
Mongolia overall regional rank: 7/15
|Factor||Regional Rank||Income Rank||Global Rank|
|Constraints on Government Powers||9/15||10/30||62/113|
|Absence of Corruption||12/16||9/30||70/113|
|Order and Security||8/15||5/30||39/113|
EAST ASIA AND PACIFIC BECOMES THE SECOND BEST REGION FOR RULE OF LAW
The top three overall performers in the 2017-2018 WJP Rule of Law Index were Denmark (1st), Norway (2nd), and Finland (3rd). On the other hand, Afghanistan, Cambodia, and Venezuela were the worst performers, ranking in 111th, 112th, and 113th respectively.
Globally, most countries saw their scores decline since the publication of the last WJP Rule of Law Index in October 2016 in the areas of human rights, checks on government powers, and civil and criminal justice, the report read.
Regionally, East Asia and Pacific is the second-ranked region in rule of law, behind Western Europe and North America. New Zealand and Australia continue to be the top performers in the region, ranking 7th and 10th respectively out of 113 countries worldwide. However, more than two-thirds of countries in this region experienced a decrease in overall rule of law score.
“Effective rule of law is the foundation for communities of equity, opportunity, and peace,” said William H. Neukom, WJP founder and CEO. “No country has achieved a perfect realization of the rule of law. The WJP Rule of Law Index is intended to be a first step in setting benchmarks, informing reforms, stimulating programs, and deepening appreciation and understanding for the foundational importance of the rule of law.”