The Northern Tsenkher Cave, located 90 kilometers south of Khovd Province in Mankhan soum, is a spectacular site in Mongolia with remarkable cave paintings that date from around 20,000 to 15,000 years back to the Paleolithic Age.

The largest cave is 15 meters high with a floor area of 12 by 18 meters. As you enter the cave, you will see drawings of two-humped camels on the wall of a passage, measuring 10 meters in length and eight meters in width. As you go deeper into one of the smaller caves, not far from these drawings, you will find a collection of symbols and images painted with a white outline and filled in with reddish ochre.

The paintings are an outstanding example of the cave art from the Stone Age. The well-known rock arts, originating in the Paleolithic period, were discovered in 1972. They feature animals that are no longer found in Mongolia such as mammoths, elephants, and ostriches. Some are drawings of stags, buffalo, oxen, ibex, lions, Argali sheep, antelopes, camels, and other animal pictorials, often forming a palimpsest of overlapping images. The paintings appear brown or red in color, and are stylistically similar to other Paleolithic rock art from around the world but are unlike any other examples in Mongolia.

Some are drawings of stags, buffalo, oxen, ibex, lions, Argali sheep, antelopes, camels, and other animal pictorials, often forming a palimpsest of overlapping images. The paintings appear brown or red in color, and are stylistically similar to other Paleolithic rock art from around the world but are unlike any other examples in Mongolia.

The Northern Tsenkher Cave is one of the largest caves in Mongolia, with the main chamber at least eighty-five feet high. A rockfall in 1995 blocked off a long extension in the cave, but several smaller galleries leading off from the main chamber still remain. Researchers determined that the cave is approximately 10,000 and 40,000 years old and was inhabited by Stone Age people during the Upper Paleolithic.

The cave was registered on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List in 1996. And it became a protected area of Mongolia in 1974.

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